This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical source that is secondary.

This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical source that is secondary.

This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical source that is secondary.

Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing concerning the initial or “target” text that could never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis may phone the legitimacy associated with the arguments associated with the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments of this lens text, or provoke various other reevaluation associated with the two texts. In either case, you are producing a“dialogue that is critical texts.”

Reading the Texts

You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.

First, read the lens text to recognize the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually dense and complex, it might be useful to develop a plan of this author’s main points. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a lens that is valuable will “grapple with main some ideas” of this lens text, versus coping with remote quotes which will or may possibly not be indicative regarding the author’s argument all together. As a result, it is crucial to ensure that you certainly comprehend and may articulate the author’s details before continuing towards the target text.

Then, quickly browse the target text to build up a basic notion of its content. Then, ask yourself: Where do we see general points of contract or disagreement involving the two texts? Which for the lens text’s arguments that are main be employed into the target text? It may possibly be more straightforward to give attention to a couple of associated with the lens text’s central arguments.

With one of these a few ideas at heart, return back and see the target text very very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about the next concerns: Exactly what are the primary aspects of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary parts within the target text? How can I apply the lens author’s vocabulary that is theoretical logic to circumstances when you look at the target text? Are there circumstances where in fact the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? Exactly why is this? It really is beneficial to keep a careful, written record of web page figures, quotes, along with your ideas and responses while you read.

Because this variety of paper relates to a complex synthesis of numerous sources, its particularly crucial to own an obvious course of action before you start writing. It may help to cluster quotes or activities by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or elsewhere change the arguments within the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, some ideas, and arguments will quickly emerge and you will begin drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As your paper has to do with the interactions that are complex numerous texts, it is essential to explain what you would be doing the introduction. Remember to demonstrably introduce the lens text and its particular arguments that are specific is likely to be employing or assessing. Then introduce the target text as well as its particular themes or occasions you are handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some sort of thesis declaration. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, verify it states the points of discussion you’ll be talking about, and describes what your critical or analysis that is theoretical of target text reveals concerning the texts.

Writing your body

Your body is where you apply certain arguments through the lens text to quotes that are specific circumstances when you look at the target text. In each situation, be sure to talk about just what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or vice pay for papers review versa). Make use of the lens text’s language and rational framework to examine the mark text, but ensure that you be clear about where tips within the paper are coming from (the lens text, the prospective text, your own personal interpretation etc.) therefore the reader does not be confused.

By participating in this particular analysis, you may be “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your personal tips. Since that is unquestionably easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show helpful. Inside their guide, they do say, I state, the authors set down numerous templates to aid authors take part in unknown kinds of critical scholastic discourse. They encourage students to make use of the templates in just about any capability they find of good use, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them being an entry that is analytical, then discarding them entirely.

right right Here we modify their template that is basic say ________. I say ________.), to generate lens templates that are essay-specific help you to get started:

The writer associated with the lens text lays down a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the prospective text. Certainly, when you look at the target text, one sees that is______, that could be viewed a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s definition. Therefore, we see a spot of commonality concerning ________. This similarity reveals ________.

In accordance with the lens text _______ tends that occurs in situations where _______. Because of the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the goal text could possibly be considered an example of _______. Nonetheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees ________ in the mark text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that writer of the lens text is proper that ________, you would be prepared to see ________ in the goal text. Nevertheless, ________ really occurs, exposing a point that is critical of. This discord implies that ________. This problem is crucial because ________.

Wrapping Things up and conclusions that are drawing

The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. Remember to explain why these discoveries are essential when it comes to control where you might be writing. Or in other words, the thing that was the idea of performing your analysis into the place that is first? Delighted lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They Do Say, I Say. (Ny: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.

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